Collectif Paysages de l’après pétrole (PAP)

Identity card

The PAP collective (Paysages de l’après-pétrole, or Post-petroleum landscapes), which became an association in May 2015, brings together some 50 French and Belgian experts in planning and development. From the naturalist to the engineer, from the landscape artist to the urban planner, sociologist, philosopher and elected official, the collective covers all the skills that are called for when inventing sustainable territories. This think tank develops reflections, methods and tools on the basis of concrete projects, and advocates for change in local and national policies.

Ultimately, landscape approaches bring territories together and facilitate their involvement in transitions that must be made to address the energy-, ecology- and economy-related challenges of our time, as they manifest themselves in the natural and human context of each territory. PAP feels that landscape approaches provide responses to territories’ needs: - they use indepth knowledge of local natural and human resources as a foundation for imagining development solutions that are more efficient because better suited to each situation; - they make policies more meaningful by including them in a territorial project that encourages multiple uses of soils and sites; - they attempt to mobilise and involve the populations living in these territories, both to benefit from their knowledge and to relay their call for more well-being; - they believe heartily that all citizens have the same rights to good living conditions, promote the idea of “a right to a quality landscape” and dare to talk about beauty and harmony.

Members of the Paysages de l’après-pétrole collective fully identify with the principles of the European Landscape Convention. Essentially French-speaking when it was founded, the PAP collective connects to European networks through case studies of European landscape solutions.

The PAP Collective intends to renew its landscape action—often conservative in stance—and put it to work for sustainable development.


PAP’s objective is to give back to landscape its central role in territorial development policies, in a context of energy transition, and more widely, a transition to sustainable development.

This involves:

  • contributing to the success of the transition with landscape approaches that welcome citizens’ active participation and contribute to territorial projects focused on reinventing the art of living well together.

  • renew landscape thought and action, too often considered defensive or conservative, to put them at the service of the now indispensable economic, environmental and social progress.

  • make it clear that landscape approaches provide answers to a number of emergencies and necessities currently weighing on populations:

  • they are based on indepth knowledge of the specific natural and human characteristics of territories, so development solutions suited to each context can be imagined;

  • they guarantee coherence between technical measures in various sectorial policies—particularly environmental policies; without this coherence, an accumulation of technical measures may cause people to feel anxious or overwhelmed, even when the individual measures are clearly useful;

  • they give these policies an overall meaning in a territorial project;

  • they target the well-being of populations living in territories where the project is implemented, by providing both harmony in a daily living space, and the feeling of everyone participating in its future;

  • they take to heart the ideal of ‘equality of living conditions’ between citizens: given the obvious fact that degraded or incoherent landscapes are often home to underprivileged populations, the idea of a ‘right to the landscape’ must be promoted.

Related programmes

Modes of action

  • expertise
  • advocacy, lobbying, influence strategy
  • books, reviews publishing

Thematic areas

  • local territory management
  • Climate energy
  • citizenship
  • information